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When small or large businesses are working on getting their network and data backup systems secured, they should always run through a checklist of the most important tasks related to this job. If you are put in charge of your company’s network security, or you are a part of the IT team that is managing a company’s systems, you should be aware of the top ten items on any network security checklist.
- User Accounts
Users must receive proper training in how to operate the system, securely open and save files, and access various areas of the system before they are given a user account. In addition, accounts will need tiers based on permission settings. For instance, the intern at a company should not have the same access to system files as the owner or department heads. Proper password etiquette and two-factor authorization should also be applied.
Having a policy for every event is the best way to keep a network secure and operational. For instance, policies for internet access, network security, encryption, privacy and remote access are vital.
- Server Provision
Managing servers is so important where company networks are concerned. Have a list of all company servers in hand, and ensure that a point person is assigned to the maintenance and security of each server on the books.
- Data Backup Solutions
A network is only as secure as the data behind it. Work with companies to ensure they have the best data storage systems in place. Cloud storage is an option, while physical servers such as those offered by Spectra are also a very good solution. The server must be secure, have ample file space, and offer easy backup and encryption options.
Every laptop, desktop or electronic device that is connected to the network is a workstation. All workstations must be protected, listed and assigned to specific users. Special security may be necessary for workstations that are used by more than one person.
Have a list of all hardware that encompasses the network, configure each device so it is easy to manage, and assign static IP addresses to all workstations and devices so they are easier to track and remotely manage.
No network security checklist is complete without a full rundown of any system vulnerabilities. Ensure weekly scans are being completed, and adjust current control protocols when necessary to maintain security and steady operations.
- Remote Access
Many companies now offer employees remote access to the network so they can work from other locations. Ensure that two-factor authorization is implemented each time someone signs into the network or accesses the servers from a remote location.
Proper passwords for the company wireless, along with different tiers for employees and guests, can help keep the entire system secure.
- Internet Access
Most companies will not offer unfiltered internet access. They will have systems in place to monitor the sites that users are accessing, along with files they are downloading. In addition, bandwidth restrictions to each workstation can help keep the whole system running at a good pace.